Al-Kufr bi At-Tághüt

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Shaykh Bishr ibn Fahd Al-Bishr (4UI aaa>)

DAR AT-TAWHID

e 2 2 Ns i : ARE Translator's Foreword

All praise belongs to Allah. We praise Him, seek His aid and forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evils of our souls and the evils our deeds. Whomsoever Allàh guides then no one can misguide him and whomsoever Allah leaves to stray no one guide him. I bear witness that there is nothing worthy of worship except Allah, having absolutely no partners. And | bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger. May the Salat and Salàm be upon him, his family, and his Sahabah until the Last Day. As for what follows:

Allah (4s) said in His Holy Book: “And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], "Worship Allah and avoid Taghüt." [16:36] And Allah (4) also said: “But those who have avoided Taghüt, lest they worship it, and turned back to Allah - for them are good tidings." [39:17]

And Allah (4j) also said: "There shall be no compulsion in [acceptance of] the religion. The right course has become distinct from the wrong. So whoever disbelieves in Tàghüt and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing." [2:256]

In Surat Al-Baqarah verse 256 we read that the main reason for grasping the most trustworthy handhold that will never break can only be achieved by rejecting the Taghut first. The general meaning of Taghüt is everything that exceeds its prescribed limits to Him by Allah

The general meaning of Tàghüt is everything that exceeds its prescribed limits to Him by Allah

This is a very important topic that a lot of Muslims stayed ignorant about, because of the distortion of the people of Bid'ah and Deviation who alter our religion for the sake of pleasing the status quo, kufar and the international communities. Rejecting Taghüt comes before affirming belief in Allàh and it is a condition that must be fulfilled before your acts of worship are accepted.

The Noble Shaykh and 'Allamah Sulayman ibn Sahman (dÜ do>) ole) said in one of his poetry:

^Distance yourself from Taghüt and hate its people, and declare disbelief in the Shari'ah of falsehood.”

ots DH cs, Shall JS i s ues cy 4 U “This must be achieved first before [praying] Salah and those are the Pillars [of Islam]."

In sha Allah after reading this E-Book (or listening to the audio lecture) by Shaykh Bishr ibn Fahd Al-Bishr, may Allah protect and preserve him, you'll understand this phrase much better. We decided to translate this audio lecture because the Shaykh goes in depth explaining the meaning of Taghüt in accordance to the Qur'àn, the Sunnah and the sayings of the Scholars from the past and the present. He also goes in-depth stating the various heads of Taghut that are many and widespread in our days using the Fiqh of the reality.

We ask Allah (4s) to make it beneficial for the Muslims.

Your brother Abü 'Abd Allàh Al-Maghribr 11-Rabi' Al-Akhir 1443 AH

Shaykh Bishr ibn Fahd Al-Bishr, may Allah protect and preserve him, starts speaking:

Before we go into the istilahi meaning [meaning in shar” terminology] l'd like to mention the verses in which Taghüt is mentioned with a little bit of words on the meaning of Taghüt in [those specific] verses, followed by some words mentioned in the Prophetic Sunnah so that the Istilahi meaning of this great term becomes clear.

Allah Ta'ala said: Allah is the Ally of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into the light. And those who disbelieve their allies are Taghüt. They take them out of the light into darkness." [2:257]

Taghut in this ayah are the leaders of Kufr and the shayatin of misguidance, they enjoin kufr and they are making kufr and fighting the Haq and averting people from the Path of Allah attractive. They take them out of Nür, which is the Fitrah of Allah on which He formed all mankind, and take them out of the path of Haq and Huddah [guidance] to the darkness of doubts, confusion, kufr and Nifaq [hypocrisy].

And Allah (.JJ>) said: “Have you not seen those who were given a portion of the Scripture, who believe in Al-Jibt [superstition] and Taghut and say about the disbelievers, "These are better guided than the believers as to the way"? [4:51]

This ayah was revealed to some of the Jewish leaders, when they preferred the religion of the mushrikin [polytheists] over the message brought by the final Messenger Muhammad (š). So they, the Jews, Huyay ibn Al-Akhthab and Ka'b ibn Al-Ashraf, and others, were given a share from the Kitab [revelation] in the form of the Torah.

Their knowledge didn’t help them, because they believed in Al-Jibt and in Tàghüt while they were obliged and commanded to reject them. So they've lied to Allah and preferred the worship of idols over Tawhid out of Hiqd [resentment], Hasad [jealousy], and Istikbar [arrogance].

And it's said that Al-Jibt is Sihr [witchcraft] and Taghüt is shaytan. And this is the Tafsir of Amir Al-Mu'minin ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab (aic ail (»2)) and we will mention it later on in sha Allah. It's [also] said that Taghat means the Kahin [a priest]

And Allah Ta’ala said: “Have you not seen those who claim to have believed in what was revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what was revealed before you? They wish to refer legislation to Taghüt, while they were commanded to reject it; and Satan wishes to lead them far astray. And when it's said to them: "Come to what Allah has revealed and to the Messenger," you see the munafiqin turn away from you in aversion." [4:60-61]

At-Taghüt in this verse is: Everyone who rules with other than Allah has revealed, whether it's a priest, a tribal leader, a parliament, a not Shar'i courthouse, or an international organisation and [all] things similar.

And the 'Ulamaa mentioned a Kahin [priest] because Arabs in the Jahiliyah [pre Islamic period of ignorance] were used to seek judgement from a Kahin. And in sha Allah there will be more clarification to the meaning of this very important and major verse.

And Allah Ta’ala said: “Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah, and those who disbelieve fight in the cause of Taghüt. So fight against the allies of Satan. Indeed, the plot of Satan has ever been weak." [4:76]

Taghüt in this verse is shaytan. The believers are fighting in the obedience of Allàh seeking His Pleasure, and to make His Word the Highest and to implement His Sharah. As for kufar and the munafiqun; they are fighting in obedience of shaytan and for his sake and what he is spreading into the hearts of people. So they fight out of pride and to become the greatest on the earth, or to be victorious with Batil, and to oppress others, or for stealing peoples wealth and for the sake of pride for their tribes and nationalities.

Allah Ta’ala said about the Jews: “Say, "Shall I inform you of [what is] worse than that as a penalty from Allah? [It is that of] those whom Allah has cursed and with whom He became angry and made of them apes and pigs and slaves of Taghüt. Those are worse in position and further astray from the sound way." [5:60]

At-Taghüt in this verse is the Shaytan or the Kahins. And the Kahins of the Jews were their leaders and rabbi's [scholars]. This means they worshiped them because they obeyed and followed them in making matters halal what Allah made Haram and Haram what Allah made Halal.

Maybe you noticed that a lot of the verses were revealed to the Jews. It is because the Jews turned away from the Commandments of Allah Ta’ala and deviated from what was brought by the Messengers. So they sought judgments from the tawagith who rule according to their whims and desires and to what they have legislated themselves.

Al-Hafith ibn Kathir (ail do>y) has mentioned as [commentary] of the ayah:

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“Allah made them apes and pigs, and worshipers of At-Taghüt, this means they were slaves of the at-Taghit and its servants.”

And Allah Ta’ala said: “And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], "Worship Allah and avoid Taghüt." [16:36]

And Allah Ta’ala said: “But those who have avoided Tàghüt, lest they worship it, and turned back to Allah - for them are good tidings.” [39:17]

At-Taghut in these two verses means; all that is worshiped besides Allah Ta’ala. If the thing worshiped is a righteous person then Taghut means shaytan who is calling to worship other than Allah and making it attractive for the kafirin.

My dear brothers, the meaning of Taghüt has become clear through these verses of Allah Ta’ala and they can be summarized as follows:

First meaning: all that is worshiped besides Allah Ta’ala whether it is a Sanam [idol], a Qabr [grave], a Salih [righteous] person or a djinn and similar to that.

Second meaning: those who rule with other than Allah Ta’ala revealed, whether it is a Kahin, or the tribal leaders, or the scholars, or the rabbi’s and monks or something other than that.

Third meaning: The shaytan, and all those from among the Imams [heads] of Dalalah [misguidance] who call to the disobedience of Allah Ta’ala.

Fourth meaning: The Kahin and those similar to him, who claim to have the knowledge of the Ghayb [unseen].

Fifth meaning: those who make Halal what Allah has made Haram, make Haram what Allah Ta’ala made Halal, and legislate [laws] which Allah didn’t legislate, and are being obeyed in matters of disobedience to Allah Tabaraka wa Ta’ala.

As for the Sunnah, the Tawagith are mentioned in it in many places. From it is the Hadith that was transmitted by Imam Al- Bukhari from the path of Abū Hurayrah who said, that the people asked: "O Messenger of Allah (4)! Shall we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" He said, "Do you crowd and squeeze each other on looking at the sun when it is not hidden by clouds?" They replied, "No, O Messenger of Allah (&&)." He said, "Do you crowd and squeeze each other on looking at the moon when it is full and not hidden by clouds?" They replied, No, O Messenger of Allah (&&)!" He said, "So you will see Him (your Lord) on the Day of Resurrection similarly Allah will gather all the people and say, "Whoever used to worship anything should follow that thing. 'So, he who used to worship the sun, will follow it, and he who used to worship the moon will follow it, and he who used to worship the Tawagith will follow them." Until the end of the Hadith.

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The Tawagith here means all that is worshiped besides Allah Ta’ala whether they are from the inanimate things or from the leaders of misguidance.

And the Messenger of Allah (#22) also said: "Do not swear by your forefathers or by the Tawagith." Narrated by Muslim, An-Nasa’l and ibn Majah. And the pronunciation of Imam Muslim *At-Tawagiy" with shortening.

The Tawagith here means the Asnam [idols] they were worshiping, glorifying and swearing by their names, like Al-'Uzzah, Al-Lat, Manat and many others.

My dear brothers, after mentioning some Nusus [religious texts] from the Book of Allah Ta’ala and the Sunnah of the Prophet (z) that clarify and explain the meaning of At-Taghüt, I’d like to explain its meaning in summary by mentioning some sayings of the people of knowledge. Al-Imam Al-Bukharl mentioned in his Sahih that the Leader of the Believers ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab (aic aul —)) said:

olill RU y ce E Cool “Al-Jibt is Sihr, and Taghüt is the Shaytan.” Al-Hafith ibn Kathir („Jle all 4o.) said:

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“And this saying is very strong, it contains all that the people of Jahiliyah

were involved in from worshipping Awthan [idols] and seeking judgement from it and seeking their aid and support."

And Jabir ibn ‘Abd Allah Al-Ansari (ac | 44;) said, and this was also mentioned by Al-Bukhart:

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*The Tawagith people were seeking judgment from in Jouhaynah were

one, and in Aslam they were one, and in any other single neighborhood they were one, priests the shaytan descents upon."

And al-Bukhaàri also mentioned from the path of ‘Ikrimah, Maulah ibn ‘Abbas that the Taghütis the Kahin [priest].

Imam At-Tabari narrated that Mujahid said:

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*At-Taghüt is a shaytan in the guise of a human being to whom people go for judgment."

And Ibn ‘Abbas (ac aI —)) said: gl cr deo ayu cef re pill

*At-Taghüt is Ka’b ibn Al-Ashraf, he was a man from the Jews."

Al-Imam At-Tabari (Jl aul do>)y) has chosen [the view] that At- Taghut stands for all things worshiped besides Allah, whether it be an Idol, a shaytan, a Jinn, or a son of Adam, and it also includes the Sahirs and Kahins. Al-Imàm At-Tabari said:

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*The accurate view according to me regarding Taghüt is that it applies to every type of transgression against Allah, and thus it is worshiped besides Him. Either due to him compelling those who worship him, or out of obedience from the one who worships him. This is whether the thing being worshiped is a person, a shaytàn, an animal, or a statue or whatever the thing may be."

And Al-Jawharly said: JU orb Joy Ol all os "At-Taghüt is the Kahin, the Shaytan and every head of misguidance."

And Al-Imam ibn Al-Qayyim (_Jlsi ail 4») has summarized the meaning of At-Taghut and said:

plas si pue gh one oa ole dall ailes JS a

“All which is exceeded by the servant beyond its limit in following, or worshipping or obeying.”

And what he (aul do>y) ment that Tàghüt stands for all that exceeded the limits prescribed for him by the Shari'ah and gave himself rights that aren’t for him whether being worshiped, obeyed or followed. This doesn't apply to the Salihin [righteous people] because they will never accept it in the first place.

So every person who elevates himself to the level of Al-Ulühiyah or is being elevated by the people while being pleased with it, is a Taghut! And if he claims so then his crime is greater.

And all the 'Ulamaa who are being followed who crossed their prescribed limits, and his limit is following The Prophet (#2), so if he crosses his limit when it comes to Tahlil and Tahrim that what Allah didn't permit. This means; that he makes Halal what Allah made Haram, or makes Haram what Allah has made Halal in His Book or by the tongue of His Messenger, or calls to an innovation, or makes sinning attractive, then he is a Taghut.

And every person who is obeyed from those who were given authority and crossed his prescribed limits, and his limit is implementing the Shari’ah of Allah Ta’ala and Commanding that Allah and His Messenger (#) are obeyed and the combining of Dunyah with Din. So when he crosses his limits and orders people to disobey Allah Ta’ala or legislates laws for the people and forces those laws upon them while they are in contradiction to what Al- Mustapha (&&) was sent with, then he’s a Taghüt.

My dear brothers now that the meaning of Taghut has become clear for us, so every Muslim and Muslimah on the face of the earth must know that Al-Kufr bi At-Tàghüt is one part of the Shahadah “La illaha illa Allah” and having Iman in Allah is the second part.

This means that “La illaha illa Allah” indicates two matters:

e First: That Allah is the Only One worthy of worship Exclusively and that no one else deserves this worship besides Him.

e Second: That rejecting all that is worshiped besides Allah Ta’ala, is an obligatory matter.

This is why knowledge of La ilaha illa Allah, like Commanded by Allah in His saying: “So know, [O Muhammad], that there is no deity except Allah [La illaha illa Allah].” [47:19] means that we have to know the Taghüt in order for us to reject it.

Rejecting Taghüt my brothers contains believing in its falsehood, that you hate it, abandon it, disavowal from it and that you denounce it and that you hate its people and that you show enmity and Baraa towards them.

Shaykh Al-Islam and the Mujaddid Imam Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Al- Wahhab (, JJls5 ail de>) said:

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“You should understand, may Allah have mercy on you, that first matter Allah obliged on Bani Adam was Al-Kufr bi At-Taghüt and Iman in Allah.”

And the Shaykh („Jle ai) de>) also said:

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“You should understand that a person can not become a believer in Allah - and the ‘Ma’ in this sentence is a total negation, it means he'll never become a believer in Allah - except by rejecting At-Taghüt, And evidence is Allàh Ta'ala Saying: *So whoever disbelieves in Taghüt and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold." [2:256]

And the Shaykh (aI de>)) also said one of his Rasa’il:

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“My brothers, hold on to the principles of your Religion, its beginning and its end, its base and its head which is La illaha illa Allah. Know its meaning, and love those who belong to it, and consider them your brothers even if they are far away from you. Reject the tawagith and hate them and hate those who love them or argues on their behalf, or doesn't [want to] make takfir on them, Or says: 'What do I have to do with them?' Or says: ‘Allah didn't oblige me to make takfir on them.’ Because he lied to Allah and slandered Him. Rather Allah obliged him with that by ordering him to reject them and to disavowal from them, even if they are his brothers or his children. So by Allah, by Allah, hold on to the fundamentals of your Din, so that you might meet Your Lord without associating any partners with Him.” End of his words

And forgive me my brothers for the long quoting of the sayings of this Imam, but he is the best when it comes to explaining the matter of At-Taghut, exposing its reality and warning the Muslim Ummah from it. And he (ail do>)) also said:

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*You should understand, may Allah have mercy on you, that the obligation of knowing the true meaning of the shahadah 'La illaha illa Allah' comes before the obligation of knowing how to pray and fast. So a servant [of Allah] should be more eager in seeking knowledge on its true meaning than he does seeking [knowledge on] praying and fasting. Allah made Shirk and believing in Taghüt more Haram than marrying or having intercourse with the mothers and aunts."

And he (aul do>)) also said: in Al-Usül At-Thalathah, explaining that Al-Kufr bi At-Taghüt is an obligation upon all nations, and that all messengers and prophets called to it. He (Ùl de>») said:

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"Every nation to whom Allah sent a messenger from Nüh to Muhammad may Allah sent His peace and Blessings upon them all, they were commanding [their nations] to believe in Allah, and forbade them the worship of At-Taghüt and the Evidence is Allah’s saying: “And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], "Worship Allah and avoid Taghut.” [16:36]

So, my beloved brothers, Al-Kufr bi At-Taghüt is a condition of Islàm, and a pillar of the testimony of faith, so the person who does not reject the Taghit he can not be a Muslim. Like the Prophet (£& said:

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“Whoever says La illaha illa Allah, and rejects all that is worshiped besides Allah [i.e. Taghüt] his property and blood become inviolable, and it's for Allah to hold him accountable." Narrated by Imam Muslim in his Sahth.

This is why knowing the [meaning and reality of] Taghüt, and knowing the various types of tawaghit, especially the types Muslims are tested by in these days, is from the most important things obliged on a Muslim.

And the Amir Al-Mu’minin ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattab Al-Muhaddath Al- Mulham (the one who is inspired aic all _.5,) said:

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“The bonds of Islam will be undone one by one if there rises in Islam [a people] who don’t know al-Jahiliyah [pre islamic period of ignorance].”

This means that a person's ignorance about the reality of islam, and his ignorance about the reality of Jahiliyah will lead him to accepting the principles of Jahiliyah while rejecting some principles of islam.

It could get even bigger than that, so he starts fighting the principles of islam while supporting some principles of Al- Jahiliyah. And this has already occurred.

Indeed Muslims are plagued by the tawagith today because they remained ignorant about the reality of their Din, and because they remained ignorant about the reality of the Message Allah sent His Messenger (2) with. Rather, they even remained ignorant when it came to the true meaning of 'Là illaha illa Allah’.

And Hudhayfah ibn Al-Yaman (Logic dill pô) said:

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“The people used to ask the Messenger of Allah ($£) about the good but | used to ask him about the evil lest | should be overtaken by it."

And there are no better words than the words of the poet: "| became aware ofthe evil not because it's evil rather by fearing it" Sb el s d os

"And the one who doesn't distinguish between the evil and good, will [definitely] fall into evil"

So when the importance of this matter becomes clear, all Muslims must know that the ‘Ulamaa of Islam may Allah have mercy on them all, took care of explaining the meaning of At-Taghut, and exposing its reality and warning from it as sincere advisors for the Ummah and to fulfill their duty [towards Allah].

And making a matter clear [to the people] has to be done according to the need. So whenever a Fitnah spreads in the form of the various kinds of Tawagith, Allah Ta’ala will prepare from among the people of knowledge people who will stand up against it, in order to protect the Din, fulfilling the prophecy of the Prophet (22) who said:

Bo qub ge Uy cedit ¿2 pm pe id pae Goll Je Fale gal ¿2 ago diy U MS ge pay all pl gh

"A group of people from my Ummah will remain apparent and victorious on the Truth. Those who oppose them shall not do them any harm, and they will remain in this condition until the Hour overtakes them."

And fulfilling the prophecy of the Prophet (#22) who said: luo pel Ld odo ce Ae BL IS nly le Halll 30 Lay alll of

“At the beginning of every century Allah will send to this Ummah someone who will renew its religious understanding”

And the more a scholar is holding to the beliefs of the Salaf As- Salih, which the Prophet (#2) and his Sahabah were on, And the more he is grounded in knowledge, and the more he knows about his reality and the reality of his time, the more concern he will get for this major fundament and the more he will take care of this great matter.

When the tawagith appeared in the Muslim countries at the time of Shaykh Al-Islam ibn Taymiyyah („Jle all de>), from the matters he cared about and payed a lot of attention to, and where he put all his efforts in clarifying them, was the matter of the tawagith. This is because he spoke a lot about the worship of others besides Allah Ta’ala and calling upon others besides Allah in many of his books.

So when he witnessed the implementation of other than Allah's Shar'ah among the Tartars, and saw people starting seeking legislation from the customs of their parents and ancestors at some villages, and he saw deviation from the Kitab and Sunnah and the endorsement of what is called 'Siyasat' (politics) among some of the Fuqahaa, Shaykh Al-Islam ibn Taymiyyah (dll 4o», læ) also warned from that. The same was done by his students like Al-lmam ibn Al-Qayyim and Al-Hafith ibn Kathir and many

others (Jle dil Lagi).

A couple of centuries later, when the earth was darkened with Shirk and Bid’ah [innovation], and after Dalal [deviation] and Jahalah [ignorance] spread. Allah prepared for this Ummah Shaykh Al-Islam Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Al-Wahhab (all 4a»; ), and after him he prepared his students.

So they clarified and exposed many kinds of tawagith with which Muslims were plagued in their time, like all that is worshiped besides Allah Ta’ala: like Al-Qubür [graves], Shayatin [devils] and those whom people call Salihin and Awliyaa [righteous people].

In their time there was also an increase of Kahins and Sahirs, and people in their lifetimes were used to seek judgment and legislation from other than the Sharr'ah of Allah. So they took their responsibility in clarifying it, and warning against it, and exposing its falsehood.

After that, when the Muslims were plagued in our time with Al-’Ilmaniyah Al-Kafirah [Kufrt secularism], and with the Jahiliyah and Taghüti laws and constitutions who were invented by the kafir christian Europeans. Allah Ta'ala prepared for this Ummah those who will stand up against it to expose its evil, and to show that it clearly nullifies the principle of Islam which is the Shahadah of 'La illaha illa Allah’, and that this Secularism is a Taghüt that Muslims are obliged to reject.

It was confronted by the Imam and Shaykh Al-Islam of his time, the Mufti of this country, Shaykh Muhammad ibn Ibrahim (aul do») ole). And this was clarified by the Muhaddith (Imam of Hadith) in his time and the Noble Shaykh Ahmad Shakir (Jls all 4o»). And it was also clarified by the Scholar of Qur'àn, and the Devoted Shaykh Muhammad Al-Amin As-Shinquiti. (Jle ail 4o») the writer of ‘Adwaa Al-Bayan' and by many other scholars of Islam in various places on this world.

And Allah Ta'ala is still preparing for this Din a generation that He will use in His obedience, they will refute on His behalf the distortions of the extremists and the fabrications of the promulgators of falsehood, And they will clarify and show the true meaning of this Din to the Shabab [youths] of this Ummah and to its coming generations.

And the ‘Ulamaa warned against Taghüt with any means they possessed, by referring to the Qur'àn and by writing poetry [Nadhm, Shi’r]. And from the best scholars who spoke about Taghut after Shaykh Al-Islam Muhammad ibn ‘Abd Al-Wahhab (aul do>)) in these late centuries, is the Noble Shaykh Sulayman ibn Sahman (Jle aul do>)) in one of his excellent Rasa’il and I'll share some parts from it at the end of my talk this night.

And also the Great and Noble Shaykh ‘Abd Allah Aba Butayn (de>) ole ail) and his words are collected in Ad-Dorrar As-Sanniyah and | will share some of it in this lecture when we talk about the various kinds of tawagith.

And | will also share some of the Nadhm [poetry] in Ad-Dorrar As- Sanniyah by one of the ‘Ulamaa of his time, the Noble Shaykh Ishaq ibn As-Shaykh ‘Abd Ar-Rahman ibn Hassan Aal As-Shaykh (Jls ail do>,).

Dear brothers, the Salaf As-Salih (al ego>)) had knowledge of the Taghut and its various kinds and that's why there was not much deviation from the Sirat Al-Mustaqim [straight Path] among them.

Indeed, deviation from the Straight Path occurs when people are ignorant when it comes to the true essence of the Din. And this is why, when the affairs of the Ummah changed after the blessed three generations [Sahabah, Tabi'in & Tabi’ At-Tabi’In], and Al- Bid’ah [innovations] spread, ignorance of Taghüt became obvious.

My brothers in Islam, the Mutakalimin [the people of Kalam & philosophy] from among the Mu'tazillah, the Asha'irah, the Mataruidi's and their likes, and also the Murji'ah had the worst effect on the Muslim Ummah in distorting the purity and true essence of [its] ‘Aqidah [beliefs]. And in corrupting its Fitrah and seriously distorting it. This led to ignorance on the reality of what Allah send His Messengers with, and with which He revealed His Books, which is Tawhid that is funded on two major Pillars:

e First: Believing in Allah Ta'ala Alone and Exclusively without associating any partners with Him.

Second: Rejecting the Taghüt.

The traces left behind by Mutakalimin were evil, because they explained the meaning of 'La illaha illa Allah' as Tawhid Ar- Rubübiyah merely. So they said it means: Allah is the Creator and there is no one else capable of Creating other than Allah. So according to them, the person who believes this, that Allah is Al- Khàliq [The Creator] and Al-Ràziq [The Sustainer] and other Deeds of the Lord (Jleg dilxuw), he is a Muwahhid who has perfected his Tawhid.

And this is Tawhid according to them. So according to this understanding Abü Jahl and Abü Lahab would also be considered Muwahhidin. Because they didn't deny that Allah Ta'ala was Al- Khaliq and Al-Raziq. Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'àla said: “And if you asked them who created them, they would surely say: ‘Allah’." [43:87]

The Shirk of Abr Jahl and Abi Lahab was related to Tawhid Al- Ulühiyah, and that is sincerity in worshipping Allah Ta’ala exclusively. This is where the Ummah deviated and | mean, when these Mutakallimün appeared and spread in the east and the west of the Muslim countries.

So the Ummah deviated in the meaning of 'La illaha illa Allah' and that led to the worship of graves who are from the tawagith. And it also led to all kinds of acts of worship being directed to the Kahins, Sahirs, Al-Munajimin [astrologers], Awliyaa and Salihin [righteous people] and many others. And this is the Taghüt. And it also led to the leniency in seeking Legislation from other than the Shari'ah of Allah Ta’ala, because to them it is just a matter of practice.

As for the Murji'ah, they are the worst in leaving evil traces on the Muslims, and they have corrupted their beliefs and they have corrupted their deeds, and their Akhlàq and their Sulük [behavior].

Al-Irjaa means: Iman [having faith] is believing with the heart that the Message of the Prophet (#22) was the Message of Truth.

This means that Abu Talib [the uncle of the prophet] had to be a believer because he believed that the Prophet (£&) was on the Haq, and that he was sincere, but he refused following and obeying him. And from the final words said by the Prophet (€) when he died was: "He died on the Millah [religion] of 'Abd Al-Muttalib."

And it was Aba Talib who said in some of his own poetry:

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So he knew that the Prophet (&&) was truthful, and this was the reality of all kufar in Quraysh, because they knew that the Prophet ($4) was truthful in what he said, but they refused to accept it and they were arrogant instead of obeying him and that is why they were kafirin. So Al-Murji’ah dismantled the actions from [the definition of] Al-Imàn, so a person who affirms with his heart is a Muslim even if he doesn't affirm with his tongue and doesn't act according to the teachings of islàm at all.

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And this is the reason why we are witnessing Al-Hukm [ruiling] with other than Allah Ta’ala has revealed in most of the Muslim countries, while the ‘Ulamaa of Al-Murji’ah remained silent. According to them, this doesn’t nullify the definition of Al-Iman, and this is Wallahi deviation from the Haq and the Manhaj of Ahl As-Sunnah wa Al-Jama’ah which is the path of the Messenger of

Allah (&&).

And all of this beloved brothers led to not knowing the Nawaqidh [nullifiers] of islam and not knowing the [matters that cause] apostasy among many of the Muslims. Which led to the prevalence of the ruling with Tàghüt and the prevalence of the worship of Taghüt in many Muslim countries while they were thinking they were still inside the fold of Islam and were still doing good.

My beloved brothers, the Salaf As-Salih had a high level of concern for this major principle and this is why they even stated about Al- Kufr bi At-Taghüt in their final wills.

Al-Imam Abu Muhammad Ad-Darimt (ail do>y) transmitted in his Sunnan from the path of Makhül that he entrusted [who heard from him] that he testified that there is no god worthy of worship besides Allàh Exclusively. And that Muhammad was His Slave and Messenger, he believed in Allah and rejected At-Taghüt. This is what he lived on, and in sha Allah died upon, and resurrected upon. Until the end of his Wastyah (see text below).

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So you can see O Muslim that this Noble Imam stated in his final will that he rejected At-Tàghüt because he knew that Al-Kufr bi At- Taghut is a condition of [accepting a persons] islam.

Dear brothers, | will now state some including statements on the meaning of At-Tàghüt. Thereafter | will continue in sha Allah my speech going into detail with regards to the most important Ru’Us [heads] of the Tawagith.

Shaykh ‘Abd Allah Aba Butayn (aU 4o»)) said after quoting the sayings of the ‘Ulamaa that explain the meaning of Taghit, he said:

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"According to their sayings; the phrase Taghit comprises everything which is known as an Ma'büd [worshiped] other than Allah and every leader of Dalalah [misguidance] who calls to Falsehood and makes it seem good. It also comprises all of those who were appointed by the people to judge with the rulings of Al-Jahiliyyah, which are in contradiction to the laws of Allah Ta'ala and His Messenger. It also comprises the Kahin and the Sahir, and the custodians of the idols [and places of idol-worshiping; i.e., shrines, graves], those who invite people to worship the ones in the graves and others with lies, and false stories which mislead the Juhal, deluding them that the ones in the graves and their likes carry out the needs of those who turn towards them and directs [worship] to them, and that he will do such and such, which in reality are lies and from the acts of the shayatin. So that they may delude people that the one who is in the grave and their likes carry out the needs of those who direct [their worship] to them, consequently making them get caught in Shirk Al-Akbar [major shirk] and its tributary. And the origin of all of these types and the greatest of them all is the shaytan: this is the greatest Taghüt."

End of his words (ail da>).

And the Noble Shaykh Ishaq ibn As-Shaykh ‘Abd Ar-Rahman ibn Hasan Al As-Shaykh (4lJl aa>;) said in his final poem witch he named: “Al-Urjuzah Al-Mufidah fi Masa’il Al-"Aqidah' explaining the

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&sjUs slg esa 353 àsjLAAlls gpa) ly 35 The Shaykh says: 'AbKufrü bi At-Taghüti Fardun Lazimü, Fi Al-’Urwatt Al-Wüthqaa fa Ayna Al-'Alimu.'

This means that Al-Kufr bi Taghüt is a condition for [grasping] the most trustworthy handhold, like [mentioned] in the verses that are with us.

The Shaykh then said 'Fi Ayat Al-Kürsi', that we have with us: “So whoever disbelieves in Taghüt and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold" [2:256]

And 'An-Nahl' means the saying of Allah: “And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], "Worship Allah and avoid At-Tàghüt." [16:36]

'Al-Lathi Yakfi wa Yashfi' means that whoever knows the meaning of Ayat Al-Kursi and what came in the Ayah after it, and what came in Sürat An-Nahl, it would be sufficient for him to know the true meaning of Tawhid.

His saying 'Fashrab Asafiy Al-Adhiy' means drink from the clear well that is not mixed with anything [pure].

The Shaykh then says: 'Fa Kullu Qad Jawaza Al-Mashrü'a, Fa innahü At-Taghütü Qul Mamnü'a'

This is the [true] meaning of At-Taghtt; all that crossed its limits that were prescribed for him by Allah and His Messenger then he is At-Taghüt. The Shaykh said: 'This is a forbidden matter'.

'Ibadatan aw Ta’atan aw Hubba' means: If he crosses his limits in worship so he worshiped it, or crossed his limits in obeying so he obeyed it, or he crossed his limits in loving so he loved it, then this is At-Taghut [ie. those worshiped obeyed and loved besides Allah].

‘Sammi Al-Muta’a fi Ad-Dalali Rabba' so the person who is obeyed in Dalal [misguidance] is a God. Because Allah Ta’ala said: “They have taken their scholars and monks as lords besides Allah” [9:31]

Like it was mentioned by the poet. He said:

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Qala An-Nabiyu Laysa Hadha Al-Maqsidu

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Yatlu ‘Alayhi Taghadhu Ahbarahum

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